Anti-Fraud Policy

For the purpose of this Policy, the “End User” will be the person or legal entity that has entered into a contractual relationship with us, accepting the Terms of Use and providing content that will be made available on DSP (that is, “Digital Service Providers”). “We” or “Us” are the providers of the service, Distro Sync.

The purpose of this policy is to provide:

  • A clear definition of what we mean by “fraud”.
  • A summary to End Users of their responsibilities for avoiding fraudulent activities.
  • Guidance to all parties involved as too actions which should be taken when we, the DSP or any other third party suspect any fraudulent activity.
  • Clear guidance as to responsibilities for conducting investigations into fraud related activities.
  • Protection to rights holders in circumstances where they may be victimized as a consequence of fraudulent activities.

This document is intended to provide guidance and should be read in conjunction with:


  • End User: Is the person or legal entity that has entered into a contractual relationship with Distro Sync for the use of the platform.
  • User Account: Accounts owned by end-users
  • Fraud: the unauthorized exploitation of material protected by copyright (Copyright Infringement); the infringement of any law that regulates the ownership of legal right holders; the use of (modified) artist, band or label names or artwork which may create confusion or false expectations related to content which is served to consumers by DSP (i.e., Musical Spam); the use of automated digital bots or other means to “click” on payment-generating links pretending to be consumers (i.e., Click Fraud), producing unnatural and fraudulent incomes; the upload of distorted music also to generate revenues and other unauthorized activities which are in breach with the terms of Service or our the agreements we have with DSP.


Fraud in all its forms is wrong and is unacceptable to us.

This is because where fraud occurs:

  • It is not just a loss to us and the DSP, but ultimately to other content creators, damaging their copyrights, and reputation or reducing the royalty pool that is made available by the DSP to content creators.
  • It may have a major impact on our reputation, our contracts with DSP, and therefore again on other End Users using our Services.

Our objective is to avoid and, if necessary, eliminate fraudulent usage of our Services.

Any indications of fraud will be rigorously investigated and dealt with in a firm and controlled way.

What DSPs are doing about it Most DSPs use a mix of algorithms and humans to scan their catalog to avoid potential fraud or unauthorized use of their service. Once they have identified fraudulent streaming they may take down the content and inform us about the case, reserving the right to withhold from future payments the amounts previously generated through suspicious activities.

What we are doing about it We are actively taking action in the following fields:

  • We are automatically monitoring (historic) sales data to combine this with other information (i.e., artist profiles, End User information, social media, etc.), to detect possible irregular activity.
  • Our entire back catalog and all new tracks are fingerprinted and matched against several databases to avoid multiple uploads of the same song, uploads of “white noise”, “empty songs”, uploads of already copyrighted materials, and, in general, any unauthorized activity.
  • Our quality control (QC) processes are designed to track down the use of metadata that can be misleading, resulting in Musical Spam or any other unauthorized activity.

How we deal with suspected Fraud

  • In case we detect or have suspicions of any unauthorized activity (including bot-generated streams, click fraud, music spam, etc.) from a specific Account, we will require the corresponding End User to cease such activities and warn the End User via a 3-strike policy system, resulting in blocking of the End User account in case our warnings are ignored.
  • Revenues in any Account that are received in connection with content that we believe, in our sole discretion, violates the Terms of Service, can be blocked and retained
  • Blocked accounts can only be unblocked following the strict protocol described below.

The consequences of Fraudulent use of our Platform or Services

  • If an End User is deemed to have breached the Terms of Use, we will have the right to terminate the contractual relationship.
  • Any amounts due to an End User from any DSP for any fraudulent or unauthorized use of the service may be recouped by withholding such amounts from future payments due to an End User
  • To the extent any fraudulent and/or infringing activities are determined to be caused by the End User’s’ actions, any costs incurred by us or our providers (including legal fees and expenses) in connection therewith may, in addition to other remedies, be deducted by us from any future payments due to an End User.

Severity, Strike Policy, and Blocking of Accounts

  • Severity Either during our QC process, the sales confirmation process, or through notifications received from DSP, we may detect issues of possible fraudulent content or Accounts. We divide these issues into 3 severity tiers:
    • F0: Critical issues related to an End User Account
    • F1: Issues related to Click Fraud
    • F2: Issues related to Musical Spamming and Copyright issues

F0 and F1: Critical issues related to an End User Account, Issues related to Click Fraud

Once possible fraudulent content or Accounts are detected, a strike will be applied (see below) and the User Account may be blocked preventively in the following cases which we consider very severe:

F0: Applicable cases

  • A User Account profile contains fake or incorrect information or unauthorized content that belongs to a third-party
  • Repeated, inconsistent IP activity versus the declared country of origin on an Account

F1: Applicable cases

  • An Account contains releases from unknown artists that are generating a considerable number of streams or views and subsequently, revenues in a short period of time without a minimum fanbase (listeners or viewers) to support it.
  • Any sudden uplift in sales without corresponding numbers in profile views or social media to support it.
  • An account generates royalties without having any detailed customer information.

F2: Issues related to Musical Spamming and Copyright issues

F2: Applicable cases

An Account receives a strike when one or more of the following problems are detected:

  • A release contains misleading artist names or track titles, etc., to attract consumers to click.
  • Whenever the impersonation of any artist, recording company, etc. is confirmed.
  • A release contains copyrighted material from someone else who did not grant publishing permission to the User Account.
  • We received a content infringement ticket from a DSP or from any PRO in relation to the content that has been sent to the DSP.
  • We receive a direct infringement claim from the original rights holder or his or her representative.

In case we detect one or more of these issues in the content of a User Account, the End User will receive a ticket or notice, indicating we have detected potential infringing or unauthorized activity

Strike Policy In case We detect an F1 or F2 issue in a User Account, a strike is applied to the Account and the End User will receive a ticket or notice, indicating we have detected potential infringing or unauthorized activity and additional information from the End User may be required. In case a strike is applied and the End User cannot or refuses to provide the requested information within 5 working days, or if infringing or unauthorized activity is confirmed, a Strike will be applied to the User Account, which will have the following consequences:

Strike One:

  • The end User is informed.
  • Takedown of questioned content.
  • Warning of delay on 2nd strike and block on 3rd strike.

Strike Two:

  • The end User is informed.
  • Takedown of questioned content.
  • Warning that account is blocked on the third strike.

Strike Three:

  • The end User is informed.
  • The end User account is blocked.
  • All End-user content is taken down.
  • Royalties will be kept in escrow for 5 years.

Once an End User has received three Strikes, we will block the End User’s account.

Blocked account policy

  • In case an End User cannot, or refuses to provide the requested information and/or needed documentation within 5 working days, we may block and withhold revenues in any User Account that are received in connection with content that we believe, in our sole discretion, violate our Terms of Use or the agreements we have with DSP.
  • We may discontinue the contractual relationship with the End User.
  • The blocked Accounts will not be able to access the platform and, therefore, enjoy our services.
  • If the End User does not provide any kind of response, all content from the involved Account may be taken down.
  • The royalties corresponding to the infringing content are kept in escrow until a timeframe of a maximum of 5 years has passed.
  • During these 5 years, we will contact the claimants and determine what amounts should be returned to them, including incurred expenses or economic claims, penalties, or compensations determined by law. Once this process has been concluded, and the 5-year period has passed, any maintaining funds will be released and transferred to the End User.

Unblocking an account In case an End User provides the requested information within 5 working days, and the information can be verified, the account can be unblocked. We may request End Users to take the following steps in order to unblock the account:

  • The End User information must be fully completed.
  • The End User has to send us a copy of an identification document (passport or national ID).
  • In most cases, we also request artist profiles, website URLs, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, etc., and profile information from the artist in order to contrast this with the sales data. These profiles must have historical data to support the sales data.

Resolving a Strike

Once a Strike has been applied, we may request the End User to take the following steps in order to release the Strike and reduce the risk of blocking their Account and/or takedown the uploaded tracks:

  • Correcting the release metadata.
  • In case there is doubt about the ownership of the uploaded tracks, the End User must provide proof of this, by sending us a license, contract, or ownership certificate.
  • Acquiring the applicable licenses

In case the provided information suffices, the Strike will be resolved. In case the information requirements are not met, the Strike will remain applied and will be added to the existing ones.

Withholding Royalties (“Escrow”) for blocked accounts

  • Revenues in any User Account that are received in connection with content that We believe, in our sole discretion, violates the Terms of Use may be blocked and withheld.
  • The money is kept in escrow until a timeframe of a maximum of 5 years has passed.

The royalties will be held in escrow in order to be able to respond in the following situations:

  • An End User proves his Account is not fraudulent and, therefore, royalties will be made available to the End User.
  • A claim from DSP is received, asking for a refund of the royalties in case any DSP deems it was generated through unauthorized or fraudulent activity. Please note that DSP contractually has the right to reclaim royalties during a timeframe of 5 years, that is why we need to respect this period as well.
  • A claim from legitimate rights holders is received, claiming the payout of the royalties that have been retained, plus royalties that already have been paid to End Users with claimed unauthorized or fraudulent activity.


We will initiate takedowns of confirmed infringing content for User Accounts and all content that is involved in F0, F1, or F2 issues.

However, please also note that any content may be marked as suspicious by DSP at their sole discretion and may be taken down at their discretion.